It is obvious that people abroad
know almost nothing about Belarus.
It is quite surprising to hear Europeans saying that Belarus is small and far. But by
far the most shocking is the label of a sad and grey country hanging on it. Famous
Belarusian hospitality and warm-heartedness are not mentioned. Nevertheless
many foreigners indicate the desire to get to know the country, its history, originality.
Most of them express a will to find out about the Belarusian culture, from the
language to the food and the history. Particularly interesting is the origin of
the country name “Belarus”
and the difference of the nation compared to Russia.
What can you advise foreigners to visit in Belarus?
The International Chocolate Cake Day
is celebrated on the 27th of January. Maybe, it was created by a baker
or, perhaps, a food company or likely, a chocolate cake...eater!
This day people make and eat
chocolate cakes, chocolate ice-cream, chocolate cocktails. This day is a great
day for all chocolate lovers. There are at least three things to do on the
Chocolate Cake Day:
1) to bake a chocolate cake;
2) to decorate a chocolate cake;
3) and finally, to eat a chocolate cake and share it with friends.
Can you propose any other ideas to celebrate this day?
countrieshave different Christmas traditions. The celebration or
activity is the earliest history for each country and may not represent
the current Christmas celebrations of today. Visit the site below and see how people celebrate
Since 2005 the International Tea Day
has been observed in many tea producing countries like Bangladesh, Nepal,
Vietnam, Indonesia, Kenya,
Malawi, Malaysia, Uganda,
India and Tanzania. International
Tea Day is to draw global attention of governments and citizens on the impact
of global tea trade on workers, small growers and consumers. The first
International Tea Day was celebrated in New
Delhi on 15th December 2005.
Since the 18th century the United Kingdom
has been one of the largest per capita tea consumers in the world, with average
per capita supply at 1.9 kg per year. The popularity of tea occasioned the
furtive export of slips, a small shoot for planting or twig for grafting to tea
plants, from China to British India and its commercial culture there, beginning
in 1840; British interests controlled tea production in the subcontinent. Tea,
which was an upper-class drink in Europe, became the infusion of every class in
in the course of the 18th century and has remained so.
In Britain, the drinking of tea is so
varied that it is quite hard to generalise. While it is usually served with
milk, it is not uncommon to drink it black or with lemon, with sugar being a
popular addition to any of the above. Strong tea served with milk (and usually
one or two teaspoons of sugar) in a mug is commonly referred to as builder's
Before it became Britain's number
one drink, China tea was introduced in the coffeehouses of London shortly before
the Stuart Restoration (1660); about that time Thomas Garraway, a coffeehouse
owner in London, had to explain the new beverage in pamphlet and an
advertisement in Mercurius
for 30 September 1658 offered "That Excellent, and by all Physicians
approved, China drink, called by the Chinese, Tcha, by
other nations Tay alias Tee, ...sold at the Sultaness-head, ye Cophee-house
in Sweetings-Rents, by the Royal Exchange, London". In London
"Coffee, chocolate and a kind of drink called tee" were
"sold in almost every street in 1659", according to Thomas Rugge's Diurnall. Tea was mainly consumed by the
fashionably rich". Two pounds, two ounces were formally presented to Charles
II by the British East India Company that same year. The tea had been imported to Portugal from its possessions in Asia as well as
through the trade merchants maintained with China
In 1662 Charles II's Portuguese queen, Catherine of Braganza, introduced the
act of drinking tea, which quickly spread throughout court and country and to
the English bourgeoisie. The British East India
company, which had been supplied with tea at the Dutch factory of Batavia imported it directly from China from 1669. In 1672, a servant of Baron
Herbert in London sent his instructions for tea
making, and warming the delicate cups, to Shropshire;
The earliest English equipages for
making tea date to the 1660s. Small porcelain tea bowls were used by the
fashionable; they were occasionally shipped with the tea itself. Tea-drinking
spurred the search for a European imitation of Chinese porcelain, first
successfully produced in England
at the Chelsea
porcelain manufactory, established around 1743-45 and quickly imitated.
Between 1872 and 1884 the supply of
tea to the British Empire increased with the
expansion of the railway to the east. The demand however was not proportional,
which caused the prices to rise. Nevertheless, from 1884 onward due to new
innovation in tea preparation the price of tea dropped and remained relatively
low throughout the first half of the 20th century. Soon afterwards London became the centre
of the international tea trade. With high tea imports also came a large
increase in the demand for porcelain. The demand for tea cups, pots and dishes
increased to go along with this popular new drink. Now, people in Britain drink
tea multiple times a day. As the years passed it became a drink less associated
with high society as people of all classes drink tea today which can be enjoyed
in many different flavours and ways.
Tea is not only the name of the beverage, but of a
late afternoon light meal at four o'clock, irrespective of the beverage consumed.
Anna Russell, Duchess of Bedford is credited with the creation of the meal
circa 1800. She thought of the idea to ward off hunger between luncheon and
dinner, which was served later and later. The tradition continues to this day. There
used to be a tradition of tea rooms in the UK which provided the traditional
fare of cream and jam on scones, a combination commonly known as cream tea.
However, these establishments have declined in popularity since World War II. In
Devon and Cornwall
particularly, cream teas are a speciality. A.B.C. tea shops and Lyons Corner
Houses were a successful chain of such establishments. In Yorkshire
the company Bettys and Taylors of Harrogate, run their own Tearooms. Café Tearooms, established in 1919, is now classed as a British
Institution. In America
it is a common misconception that cream tea refers to tea served with
cream (as opposed to milk). This is certainly not the case. It simply means
that tea is served with a scone with clotted cream and jam.
Do you like to drink tea?
Explain the reasons for the
popularity of this beverage.
Cyber Monday is a marketing term for the Monday
after the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States. The term "Cyber
Monday" was created by marketing companies to persuade people to shop
online. The term made its debut on November 28, 2005, in a Shop.org press
release entitled "'Cyber Monday Quickly Becoming One of the Biggest Online
Shopping Days of the Year". Cyber Monday has become an international
marketing term used by online retailers in Argentina,
Canada, Chile, China,
Colombia, Denmark, Germany,
Ireland, Uganda, Japan,
Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The term was first
used within the ecommerce community during the 2005 holiday season. According
to Scott Silverman, the head of Shop.org, the term was coined based on 2004
research showing "one of the biggest online shopping days of the
year" was the Monday after Thanksgiving (12th-biggest day historically).Retailers
also noted the biggest period was December 5 through 15 of the previous year.
In late November 2005, The New York Times reported: "The name Cyber
Monday grew out of the observation that millions of otherwise productive
working Americans, fresh off a Thanksgiving weekend of window shopping, were
returning to high-speed Internet connections at work Monday and buying what
they liked."The idea for having
such a holiday was created by Tony Valado,in 2003
while working at 1800Flowers.com, and coined White Wednesday to be the day
before Thanksgiving for online retailers.
Energy Saving Day is held each year on 11 November since 2008, when the
international SPARE network initiated it to draw attention to the importance of
saving is very important for improving the environment in the place where we
live, and on the whole planet. Energy saving allows us to obtain the necessary
energy services and to conserve natural resources that are permanently burned
for heat and electricity, polluting the environment. Saving energy saves money
because we pay a lot for energy and saving helps to reduce the contribution of
mankind in climate change. Energy efficiency plays an important role in the preservation of natural resources. Every
year in many countries, on 11th of November there are practical actions on
saving electricity, insulation of houses, seminars on energy saving
technologies, information campaigns, exhibitions and much more. This year
the International Day for energy saving will be a variety of activities - from
the practical measures for insulation classes to street protests, which will
bring together students, educators, environmental organizations, government
officials and experts from research institutes. This
holiday is a great opportunity to talk about energy saving and renewable energy
Why is it so important to save energy? Do you have any ideas about the activities to be held today?